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Isthmus of Corinth

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 ISTHMUS OF CORINTH

The Isthmus of Corinth (or canal Corinth) is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth. The word "isthmus" comes from the Ancient Greek word for "neck" and refers to the narrowness of the land. To the west of the Isthmus is the Gulf of Corinth, to the east the Saronic Gulf.

Since 1893 the Corinth Canal has run through the 6.3 km wide isthmus, effectively making the Peloponnese an island.

Today, road bridges and one submersible bridge on the East Aegeanic side connect the mainland side of the isthmus with the Peloponnese side.

The idea for a shortcut to save boats sailing all round the Peloponnese was long considered by the Ancient Greeks.

The first attempt to build a canal there was carried out by the tyrant Periander or Periandros in the 7th century BC. He abandoned the project owing to technical difficulties, and instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland stone ramp, named Diolkos, as a portage road.

Remnants of Diolkos still exist today next to the modern canal.